Water wells are dug to various depths depending on the geography of the land and depth of the water table. If it's necessary to drill a deep well on your property to reach water, then you'll need the right kind of pump to get water to the surface. Deep wells require a submersible pump. Here are a few things to know about these deep well pumps.
How Deep Well Pumps Work
Deep well pumps work differently from shallow well pumps. Pumps in shallow wells work to pull water out of the well and into your plumbing system. These wells sit above the waterline and can be accessed easily for repairs and maintenance. Pumps in deep wells are installed under the water, and they push water out of the well and into a holding tank in your house.
These pumps can push water up that's a few hundred feet under the ground. Because they are so deep and they're under the water, these pumps are more difficult to service. However, deep well pumps are more rugged so they can last much longer without the need for repairs.
Signs Of Problems With A Well Pump
Your well should be inspected every year to test the quality of the water and check the condition of the well. Your well contractor will advise you on the frequency of inspecting the pump itself depending on the type of pump you have. Inspecting it finds problems before the well breaks down completely, but sometimes problems can develop with deep well pumps unexpectedly.
Wires run from the surface down to the pump so the pump will kick on to fill the holding tank every time water is used in your home. These wires can be damaged by the slight movement of the pump when it kicks on and off every day. If the insulation is damaged, the wires may short and the pump will stop working. The opposite can also occur where your pump will run continuously, and your first indication of trouble could be an excessively high power bill.
Water flow and pressure are two other indicators of the condition of the pump. If your water pressure is low, you may need an inspection to determine the cause and to make repairs. Other signs of well problems include cloudy water and foul-smelling water. When you notice problems with your water, it doesn't always mean the pump is to blame. Since all the parts are hidden below the ground, it may be necessary to pull up the pump to examine it and to examine the pump casing with a pipe camera to determine if the pump needs to be repaired or replaced.